Oil and gas industry hops on generative AI bandwagon

The oil and gas industry is bullish on the capacity for generative artificial intelligence to boost efficiency and empower line workers. Away from the Microsoft and Googles of the world, a century-old industry—oil and gas—is hoping that generative artificial intelligence will make producing petroleum more efficient and easier on its workforce. Long before the current […]

AI speech-to-text can hallucinate violent language

Hallucinations are more common for speakers with aphasia than without, and can cause harm by nature of perpetuating violence, inaccurate associations, and false authority. Credit: arXiv (2024). DOI: 10.48550/arxiv.2402.08021 Speak a little too haltingly and with long pauses, and OpenAI’s speech-to-text transcriber might put harmful, violent words in your mouth, Cornell researchers have discovered. OpenAI’s […]

Teaching AI to collaborate, not merely create, through dance

A Kennesaw State University dance student and the LuminAI-powered avatar dance together. Credit: Georgia Institute of Technology Two children are playing with a set of toys, each playing alone. That kind of play involves a somewhat limited set of interactions between the child and the toy. But what happens when the two children play together […]

Study demonstrates female AI ‘teammate’ engenders more participation from women

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain An artificial intelligence-powered virtual teammate with a female voice boosts participation and productivity among women on teams dominated by men, according to new Cornell research. The findings suggest that the gender of an AI’s voice can positively tweak the dynamics of gender-imbalanced teams and could help inform the design of bots […]

AI systems are already skilled at deceiving and manipulating humans, study shows

Example of premeditated deception from Meta’s CICERO in the game Diplomacy. Credit: Patterns/Park Goldstein et al. Many artificial intelligence (AI) systems have already learned how to deceive humans, even systems that have been trained to be helpful and honest. In a review article published in the journal Patterns on May 10, researchers describe the risks […]

Researchers test AI systems’ ability to solve the New York Times’ connections puzzle

Average success rate across all puzzles and seeds for baseline models and LLMs, broken down by puzzle category (note that CoT indicates the use of chain-of-thought prompting). Categories increase in difficulty going from yellow to green to blue to purple. Credit: arXiv (2024). DOI: 10.48550/arxiv.2404.11730 Can artificial intelligence (AI) match human skills for finding obscure […]

New study finds AI-generated empathy has its limits

Credit: AI-generated image Conversational agents (CAs) such as Alexa and Siri are designed to answer questions, offer suggestions—and even display empathy. However, new research finds they do poorly compared to humans when interpreting and exploring a user’s experience. CAs are powered by large language models (LLMs) that ingest massive amounts of human-produced data, and thus […]

OpenAI unveils tool to detect DALL-E images

OpenAI has announced the launch of a new tool aimed at detecting whether digital images have been created by artificial intelligence. OpenAI, the Microsoft-backed artificial intelligence company behind the popular image generator DALL-E, on Tuesday announced the launch of a new tool aimed at detecting whether digital images have been created by AI. Authentication has […]

New large learning model shows how AI might shape LGBTQIA+ advocacy

Researchers Pat Pataranutaporn (left) and D. Pillis. Credit: Jimmy Day / MIT Media Lab “AI Comes Out of the Closet” is a large learning model (LLM)-based online system that leverages artificial intelligence-generated dialog and virtual characters to create complex social interaction simulations. These simulations allow users to experiment with and refine their approach to LGBTQIA+ advocacy […]

Why getting in touch with our ‘gerbil brain’ could help machines listen better

Distinguished Professor of Hearing, David McAlpine, in the Macquarie University anechoic chamber. Credit: Macquarie University Macquarie University researchers have debunked a 75-year-old theory about how humans determine where sounds are coming from, and it could unlock the secret to creating a next generation of more adaptable and efficient hearing devices ranging from hearing aids to […]

A framework to detect hallucinations in the text generated by LLMs

Overview of KnowHalu. The hallucination detection process starts with “Non-Fabrication Hallucination Checking,” a phase focusing on the early identification of non-fabrication hallucinations by scrutinizing the specificity of the answers. For potential fabrication hallucinations, KnowHalu then provides a comprehensive “Factual Checking,” which consists of five steps: (a) “Step-wise Reasoning and Query” breaks down the original query […]

AI technology is showing cultural biases—here’s why and what can be done

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain AI expert Professor Kevin Wong from Murdoch University’s School of Information Technology says in order to deal with the problem of cultural biases in AI, it’s important to understand the fundamentals of different AI techniques. “Machine Learning techniques, including Generative AI, require a huge amount of ‘representative’ data to train the […]

Beware of AI-based deception detection, warns scientific community

Credit: Trends in Cognitive Sciences (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2024.04.002 Artificial intelligence may soon help to identify lies and deception. However, a research team from the Universities of Marburg and Würzburg warns against premature use. Oh, if only it were as easy as with Pinocchio. It was simple to see when he was telling a lie: His […]

Science has an AI problem: Research group says they can fix it

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain AI holds the potential to help doctors find early markers of disease and policymakers to avoid decisions that lead to war. But a growing body of evidence has revealed deep flaws in how machine learning is used in science, a problem that has swept through dozens of fields and implicated thousands […]

Vienna conference urges regulation of AI weapons

Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg warned autonomous weapons systems would ‘soon fill the world’s battlefields’ The world should establish a set of rules to regulate AI weapons while they’re still in their infancy, a global conference said on Tuesday, calling the issue an “Oppenheimer moment” of the time. Like gunpowder and the atomic bomb, artificial […]

ChatGPT faces Austria complaint over ‘uncorrectable errors’

‘ChatGPT keeps hallucinating — and not even OpenAI can stop it,’ say privacy campaigners NOYB. A Vienna-based privacy campaign group said Monday it would file a complaint against ChatGPT in Austria, claiming the “hallucinating” flagship AI tool has invented wrong answers that creator OpenAI cannot correct. NOYB (“None of Your Business”) said there was no […]

Financial Times enters ChatGPT content deal

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain The Financial Times on Monday entered into a partnership deal with ChatGPT creator OpenAI that will integrate the news outlet’s journalism into its chatbot. The deal allows select attributed summaries, quotes and links from the FT’s reporting to appear in ChatGPT responses to relevant queries. “This is an important agreement … […]

Deepfake of principal’s voice is the latest case of AI being used for harm

Baltimore County Police Chief Robert McCullough and other local officials speak at a news conference in Towson, Md., April 25, 2024. The most recent criminal case to involve artificial intelligence has emerged from a high school in Baltimore County, Maryland. That’s where police say a principal was framed by a fake recording of his voice. […]

Research team develops novel metric for evaluation of risk-return tradeoff in off-policy evaluation

SharpeRatio@k, a novel evaluation metric for Off-Policy Evaluation estimators, effectively measures the risk-return tradeoff of evaluating policies used in reinforcement learning and contextual bandits, which are typically ignored by conventional metrics, show scientists at Tokyo Tech. This novel metric, inspired from risk assessment in financial portfolio management, provides a more insightful evaluation of OPE, paving […]

A new framework to generate human motions from language prompts

Employing scene affordance as an intermediate representation enhances motion generation capabilities on benchmarks (a) HumanML3D and (b) HUMANISE, and significantly boosts the model’s ability to generalize to (c) unseen scenarios. Credit: Wang et al. Machine learning-based models that can autonomously generate various types of content have become increasingly advanced over the past few years. These […]

Personalization has the potential to democratize who decides how LLMs behave

Hierarchical bounds on personalized alignment. Credit: Nature Machine Intelligence (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s42256-024-00820-y A new paper from researchers at Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, highlights the benefits and risks of personalizing Large Language Models (LLMS) to their users. LLMs are artificial intelligence systems that generate written responses to text prompts. Due to their stratospheric growth […]

The use of AI in war games could change military strategy

Military officials and scholars use war games regularly to evaluate strategies and tactics. Credit: U.S. Navy/Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Shawn J. Stewart The rise of commercially viable generative artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to transform a vast range of sectors. This transformation will be particularly profound in contemporary military education. Generative AI will […]

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