The Dow last fell into a bear market in early 2020 as the COVID-19 pandemic all but shut down the global economy and sparked financial chaos. The Dow dropped 37.1% from its Feb. 12, 2020, peak to its bear-market low on March 23, 2020. It exited the bear — ending 20% above its bear-market low — on March 26, 2020.
According to Dow Jones Market Data, the average Dow bear market sees a peak-to-trough decline of 35.5% and a median decline of 35.9%.
Monday marked the 182nd trading day since the Dow’s Jan. 4 peak. On average, past bear markets have taken 133 trading days to fall from their high to enter bear status, or a median of 114 trading days, according to Dow Jones Market Data. To reach bear-market lows, on average it’s taken 272 trading days from the recent high, or a median of 197 trading days.
The S&P 500
confirmed its entry into a bear market in June, falling more than 20% from its Jan. 3 record. The large-cap benchmark on Monday fell 38.19 points, or 1%, to close at 3,655.04, taking out its previous 2022 closing low set on June 16, for its lowest close since Dec. 14, 2020.
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According to Dow Jones Market Data going back to 1950, the average and median returns for the Dow were negative in the week after entering a bear market, while average and median returns for periods up to one year later were positive.
The table below offers a more detailed look at performance going back to 1900:
Also see: Surging U.S. dollar is creating an ‘untenable situation’ for the stock market, warns Morgan Stanley’s Wilson